Western Digital 4 TB WD Red SATA III 5400 RPM 64 MB Cache Bulk/OEM NAS Hard Drive WD40EFRX
WD Red 4 TB NAS Hard Drive – The next generation of hard drives for home or small office network attached storage systems.
Our formula of success has led growth of WD Red into higher capacities and expansion into new 2.5-inch solutions. We now offer a broader, more comprehensive portfolio of NAS hard drives for our customers. It is not just about NAS drives, it is REDvolutionary.
Every component, line of code, and product decision was built on our passion and determination to deliver the best NAS experience. The next generation of WD Red hard drives delivers on this promise with massive capacity and NASware 2.0, which further improves drive reliability and protects your data in the event of a power loss or disruption.
Exclusive NASware 2.0 technology – Our exclusive technology, NASware 2.0, makes WD Red thrive in the demanding small-NAS environment. By adding WD Red to your NAS system, not only is everything more efficient and reliable, you can better protect your data investment.
3D Active Balance Plus – Our enhanced dual-plane balance control technology significantly improves the overall drive performance and reliability. Hard drives that are not properly balanced may cause excessive vibration and noise in a multi-drive system, reduce the hard drive life span, and degrade the performance over time. (EFRX models only)
The right choice – WD Red is designed specifically for home and small office NAS systems and PCs with RAID.
Enhanced reliability – Since your NAS system is always on, a highly reliable drive is essential. With a 35% MTBF improvement over standard drives, the WD Red drive with NASware 2.0 is designed for the 24×7 environment.
NAS compatibility – Advanced firmware technology built into every WD Red drive, NASware 2.0 enables seamless integration, robust data protection and optimal performance for systems operating in NAS and RAID environments.
The secret is the next-generation technology – WD's next generation NASware 2.0 technology improves NAS storage performance by reducing common hard drive concerns in NAS systems including concerns for things like compatibility, integration, upgrade ability, reliability and cost of ownership that are experienced with a hard drive designed for desktop computers.
Energy efficient and money saving – We keep power consumption low which keeps your NAS system happy and your wallet, too.
Need help? We offer premium support – Every WD Red hard drive comes with our world-class professional support services including a premium dedicated 24/7 support line (available in English, other regional support hours vary).**
** Support outside of normal business hours is available in English only Go to http://support.wd.com for further details.
The WD advantage – WD puts our products through extensive Functional Integrity Testing (F.I.T.) prior to any product launch. On average, each new product goes through 600,000 hours of testing. WD also has a detailed Knowledge Base with more than 1,000 helpful articles. You can also call toll-free support 7 days per week in the U.S. and Canada. See the WD Support site for full details.
Upgrading your drive is easy – WD Acronis TrueImage, available as a free download on the WD Support site, enables you to copy all your data to a new drive so you don't have to reinstall your operating system to get all the benefits of a new drive.
WD-certified packaging – All WD drives purchased from Amazon.com are shipped in WD-certified hard drive packaging. It is designed and fully tested to provide WD products with the highest of safety while in transit. With WD-certified packaging, you can rest assured that your WD hard drive will arrive safely, fully protected, in a non-descript, easy-open package.
Recommended use – WD Red NAS hard drives are recommended for use in home and small office 1-5 bay NAS systems. For systems that use more than 5 bays or are rack mount solutions, please consider WD datacenter hard drives.***
***WD hard drives are designed and tested for use in specific applications and environments. This ensures that your hard drive is compatible with and functions properly in your application. Our hard drives are warranted against defects in materials and workmanship in the system for which they were designed. Use in systems other than for what the hard drive was designed could result in compatibility problems that affect proper function, unrelated to material and/or workmanship defects. For best results, be sure to select the appropriate product for your application by consulting our product spec sheets on our website at www.wd.com or by calling our customer support line where we would be happy to help you through the selection process.
Ideal for: Small NAS environments 1 to 5 bay RAID configurations
Features at a glance Next generation NAS experience with NASware 2.0 and up to a massive 4 TB capacity Most extensive NAS partner compatibility-testing list available* Expanded NAS solutions with 3.5-inch and 2.5-inch form factors Improved drive reliability and data protection in the event of a power loss or disruption Premium 24×7 support
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Comparison ChartWD BlueWD GreenWD BlackWD RedWD VelociRaptor Solid performance
and reliability for everyday computing. Cool, quiet operation
for efficient eco-conscious computing. Maximum performance
for power computing. The right drive for home
or small office NAS. High-performance storage for power users. Ideal for Family and business computing. Desktop PCs, secondary storage and external drives. Photo and video editing, and maxed out gaming systems. Specifically designed and tested for small office and home office, 1-5 bay NAS systems. Performance enthusiast systems and workstations. Capacity range 80 GB – 1 TB 320 GB – 4 TB 500 GB – 4 TB 1 TB – 4 TB 250 GB – 1 TB Interface SATA 6 Gb/s
PATA 100 MB/s SATA 6 Gb/s SATA 6 Gb/s SATA 6 Gb/s SATA 6 Gb/s Form factor 3.5-inch 3.5-inch 3.5-inch 3.5-inch 3.5-inch Cache 8 MB – 64 MB 64 MB 32 MB – 64 MB 64 MB 64 MB Highest capacity Highest performance Photo/video editing Network Storage Systems
- Product Dimensions: 5.8 x 4 x 1 inches ; 1.4 pounds
- Shipping Weight: 1.6 pounds
- Shipping: This item is also available for shipping to select countries outside the U.S.
- ASIN: B00EHBERSE
- Item model number: WD40EFRX
- Date first available at Amazon.com: September 3, 2013
Regular consumer drives in RAID are accident waiting to happen
I’m going to let the cat out of the bag right here and now. Everyone’s home RAID is likely an accident waiting to happen. If you’re using regular consumer drives in a large array, there are some very simple (and likely) scenarios that can cause it to completely fail. I’m guilty of operating under this same false hope – I have an 8-drive array of 3TB WD Caviar Greens in a RAID-5. For those uninitiated, RAID-5 is where one drive worth of capacity is volunteered for use as parity data, which is distributed amongst all drives in the array. This trick allows for no data loss in the case where a single drive fails. The RAID controller can simply figure out the missing data by running the extra parity through the same formula that created it. This is called redundancy, but I propose that it’s not.
Since I’m also guilty here with my huge array of Caviar Greens, let me also say that every few weeks I have a batch job that reads *all* data from that array. Why on earth would I need to occasionally and repeatedly read 21TB of data from something that should already be super reliable? Here’s the failure scenario for what might happen to me if I didn’t:
* Array starts off operating as normal, but drive 3 has a bad sector that cropped up a few months back. This has gone unnoticed because the bad sector was part of a rarely accessed file.
* During operation, drive 1 encounters a new bad sector.
* Since drive 1 is a consumer drive it goes into a retry loop, repeatedly attempting to read and correct the bad sector.
* The RAID controller exceeds its timeout threshold waiting on drive 1 and marks it offline.
* Array is now in degraded status with drive 1 marked as failed.
* User replaces drive 1. RAID controller initiates rebuild using parity data from the other drives.
* During rebuild, RAID controller encounters the bad sector on drive 3.
* Since drive 3 is a consumer drive it goes into a retry loop, repeatedly attempting to read and correct the bad sector.
* The RAID controller exceeds its timeout threshold waiting on drive 3 and marks it offline.
* Rebuild fails.
At this point the way forward varies from controller to controller, but the long and short of it is that the data is at extreme risk of loss. There are ways to get it all back (most likely without that one bad sector on drive 3), but none of them are particularly easy. Now you may be asking yourself how enterprises run huge RAIDs and don’t see this sort of problem? The answer is Time Limited Error Recovery – where the hard drive assumes it is part of an array, assumes there is redundancy, and is not afraid to quickly tell the host controller that it just can’t complete the current I/O request.
Here’s how that scenario would have played out if the drives implemented some form of TLER:
* Array starts off operating as normal, but drive 3 has developed a bad sector several weeks ago. This went unnoticed because the bad sector was part of a rarely accessed file.
* During operation, drive 1 encounters a new bad sector.
* Drive 1 makes a few read attempts and then reports a CRC error to the RAID controller.
* The RAID controller maps out the bad sector, locating it elsewhere on the drive. The missing sector is rebuilt using parity data from the other drives in the array.
*Array continues normal operation, with the error added to its event log.
The above scenario is what would play out with an Areca RAID controller (I’ve verified this personally). Other controllers may behave differently. A controller unable to do a bad sector remap might have just marked drive 1 as bad, but the key is that the rebuild would be much less likely to fail as drive 3 would not drop completely offline once the controller ran into the additional bad sector. The moral of this story is that typical consumer grade drives have data error timeouts that are far longer than the drive offline timeout of typical RAID controllers, and without some form of TLER, two bad sectors (totaling 1024 bytes) is all that’s required to put multiple terabytes of data in grave danger.
The solution should be simple – just get some drives with TLER. The problem is that until now those were prohibitively expensive. Enterprise drives have all sorts of added features like accelerometers and pressure sensors to compensate for sliding in and out of a server rack while operating, as well as dealing with rapid pressure changes that take place when the server room door opens and the forced air circulation takes a quick detour. Those features just aren’t needed in that home NAS sitting on your bookshelf. What *is* needed is a WD Caviar Green that has TLER, and Western Digital delivers that in their new Red drives.
End quote and back to reviewer.
I’ve got 5 of these in a Synology DiskStation 5-Bay (Diskless) Network Attached Storage (DS1512+). It is really a sweet setup.
The Synology software has a S.M.A.R.T. test that can do surface scans to detect bad sectors. I have their Quick Test check every disk daily and the Extended Test set to automatically run on each of the 5 disks every weekend. (The Extended Test takes about 5 hours per disk so I separate the tests by 12 hours.)
Nice hard drives for NAS or storage server with RAID.
For my home-made FreeNAS (google it!) NAS/Server, I bought 5 WD Red drives from Adorama (purchased through Amazon) and 1 drive directly from Amazon.
The one drive from Amazon came very well packaged, double boxed in what looks like a WD cardboard box with a shock absorbing cradle. Very well packaged for shipment. Honestly, Amazon has been stellar for packaging boxes for shipment.
The 5 hard drives from Adorama came in a big box which ‘clunked’ when it was tilted. Opening the box revealed some big plastic pillow air strips, and 5 loose smaller boxes. Inside each of the smaller boxes was a few pillows and a factory bagged hard drive. There were not enough pillows in each box to securely cushion the hard drives against rattling around, so there’s a high likelihood of damage in shipment. BAD SHIPPERS! NO DONUT!
Anyway, getting on to the performance of the drives… I’m running 6 drives in a ZFS RaidZ2 array. They are all controlled using an IBM M1015 PCIE 8x SATA 3 controller which has been flashed to be an HBA providing JBOD to the ZFS OS. That’s a lotta acronyms! The speed of the array is quite fast… more than fast enough to saturate a gigabit network. I currently have about 5TB of data stored on the 10TB array.
On to the bad stuff…
One of the drives (I haven’t checked the serial number to see which shipper it came from) is starting to give signs of premature failure after about 70 hours of operation. During a scrub of the data pool, drive DA5 is experiencing unreadable sectors. Luckily ZFS is able to calculate the correct values for the corrupted data, and is busily recreating the data onto another part of the drive. ZFS rocks for data reliability! If the drive does turn out to be bad, I have a WD Green 3TB drive that I can put into the array as a hot swap temporarily until the failed drive can be replaced. *UPDATE* The ZFS scrub just finished, and it repaired 1.53MB of data, with no data loss. Did I mention that ZFS rocks?
Warning/Advice about Data Storage:
Note 1: If you’re going to be using these drives, or any data storage device for that matter, make sure that you take into account that these are highly fragile and delicate devices which can be easily damaged in shipment, or just plain up and fail when you least expect it. You really need to use some sort of redundant array of drives so that if one drive fails, your data doesn’t vanish. In my case, the final configuration is going to be 6 drives in a RaidZ2 (dual parity striping), which means that my data stays intact and accessible even if 2 drives fail simultaneously. Also, there is going to be a 3TB Green drive as a hot spare that can take over for any failed drive in the array. With the hot-spare, my data can survive the loss of 3 drives without losing data (as long as the failures don’t happen all at the same time).
Note 2: Always, always, always have a backup. In my case, I have two external 3TB USB3.0 drives which will be used only for backup purposes. Every so often, I’ll backup the critical data onto the drives and stash them in my locker at work. If you don’t have TrueCrypt, google it and see why your backup removable drives should be using it. If someone steals the drives, they only get the drives and not my data.
I’m giving 5 stars for the drives that work… 1 star for the failing drive… averages to about 4 stars score! I’ll update this review once I have details on how the drives do in a week or so. Currently it ain’t looking too good for drive DA5!
NAS Best Friend
Upon receiving, I immediately installed them in my NAS. It took about 15 minutes to install DSM 4 and begin the inspection process. I neither chose Raid 1, JBOD, or SHR, and I took some online advice and created two separate volumes, one on each disk, to have two independent file systems. In this case, you don’t have to worry about rebuilding disk arrays if any drives fail, and you always have a backup present. I was planning on using Folder Sync feature to sync all folders from Disk 1 to Disk 2 every other hour, but I found out this feature only works on two independent Synology Disk Stations; however, you can use automated backup feature to backup data from Disk 1 into Disk 2, and it produces about the same result as Folder Sync does, and it gives you a few more options for backing up system and application files as well.
Synology volume creation took about 7 hours for each drive with automatic bad sector reallocation feature. I later tested each drive with S.M.A.R.T extended test–each took about 4 hours–and I am happy to report that I did not have any bad sectors on either of the drives. That is, the “Reallocated Sector Count” reads zero in S.M.A.R.T report.
The drives are surprisingly quiet. I had an enterprise RE2 500GB in my NAS, and it was thunderstorm loud compared to these. The temperature is also very reasonable. When the drive is resting it is about 31C/88F, and under heavy usage it rises up to 35C/95F. Although these drives speed are only 5000 rpm, I don’t see any difference in file transfer speed. The only downside that I could sense was the startup time from sleep. I feel that compared to my old WD RE2 drive, it takes a good 2 to 5 seconds more for the NAS to come out of sleep each time. Not a deal breaker, but something to consider when you invest in these drives.
I think WD has done a good job with these drives, and they are currently the best on the market for home or home office use. That being said, I still think WD RE4 drives are the best enterprise drives and ultimate in performance; however, if you are looking for a good set of drives for your NAS, and the power consumption and noise are important to you, these WD Red drives will work just fine. Compared to desktop drives, these come with a few enterprise features that come in handy and will save you some time and money down the road.
Failure after 3 months, possibly due to power outage
UPDATE: Replacement drive has arrive on Tuesday (problem reported Friday morning). I’ve replaced it and my QNAP Nas is now rebuilding the raid array. I have also looked through my logs, and found a power failure just prior to the drive failure. Now at least I’ve been able to convince my wife of the need for a UPS, which is now installed. Perhaps they are very sensitive to power fluctuations?
In light of this, I am upgrading my review to 4 start, giving the benefit of the doubt to WD (I know they did have a bad batch at first, but that was purportedly resolved).
I will upgrade yo 5 stars if I have no problems for an extended time.
Has been very reliable
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